Desert agriculture is more important than ever before as the global population rises. Countries and regions that are not water-secure are no exception to increasing population and thus increasing population and thus increasing demand for food. The Middle East and North Africa is perhaps the largest example of growing nations with little water or no water security or food security. In India,
'Thar desert' is located in northwest India. It is one of the major hot deserts of the world with the highest population density. Many people living in this desert are subsistence farmers but with increasing development opportunities, the human population is also growing. Due to population is also growing. Due to population pressure, this environment is increasingly under threat.
The Thar Desert is also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200,00kmsq. And forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. It is the world`s 20th largest desert and the world`s 9th largest hot subtropical desert.
Agriculture production is mainly from Kharif crops, which are grown in the summer season and seeded in June and July. These are then harvested in September and October and include bajra, pulses such as Guar, Jowar, Maize, and groundnuts.
The Thar region of Rajasthan is a major opium production and consumption area.