The agricultural structure of India is definitely like no other and not only because of how vast it is but also how it is significantly different in various parts of this diverse country. Let’s discuss the South and North part today and see how these two systems are different from one another. The farming system in these parts vary in terms of differences in farm size, water availability, crop type, middlemen, and risk factors and it’s interesting to know more about these contrasts.
The farm sizes in the North are much bigger than in the south. The average farm sizes in the South are 1-3 acres whereas in the north it is 70-75 acres which is a huge difference, to begin with. This difference not only brings a huge difference in the yield but also the number of farmers in the regions.
One reason for the farms being much bigger in the North is due to the higher water availability and vice versa. Whereas the South always seems to struggle in terms of availability of water. That is the reason Paddy grows in the North which requires a high amount of water.
The middlemen or commissioner in the south directly but from the farmers whereas in the north the commissioner tries to find the best deal for their farmers in order to make the process transparent and favorable to the market system.
The type of crops grown is both region, therefore, varies as well keeping all the points discussed above in mind. Crops that require more space and water are obviously grown in the north which has plenty of water whereas those which can be grown in less water are crops of the south.