Agriculture is the best source of farming and is regarded as the country's lifeblood. Farmers used traditional farming practices before the invention of modern farm machinery and agricultural technology. Furthermore, modern infrastructure, particularly in rural areas, better quality products, and advanced technology machines are anticipated by farmers, all of which contribute to raising the nation's standard and providing the best quality products to the people while also enhancing the international market.
Traditional practices, on the other hand, can help safeguard natural resources, promote food security, and preserve biodiversity, among other things.
Let us now look at which traditional practices in rural regions fall under the category of traditional farming:
Traditional rural farming
● Crop Rotation - Crop rotation is the oldest way of the agricultural method and it is the best use of crop rotation to grow different kinds of crops on the same land in different seasons.
● Intercropping/Mixed Cropping - Intercropping or mixed cropping is when two crops are planted at the same time. Intercropping is a technique for increasing the productivity of a piece of land.
● Agroforestry - Argo Forestry has been practiced by farmers from the beginning of time.
Planting and keeping trees, this aids in the creation of a microclimate and the protection of crops. It's the ideal land-use management method for growing crops. This approach may be used to obtain a variety of things such as lumber, food, and fuel.
● Water Harvesting - Water harvesting is a traditional practice of collecting rainfall and storing it for later use in agriculture. This strategy helps to boost agricultural output sustainability and food security.
● Polyculture - The polyculture method is used to cultivate many plant species in the same space. It works well for weed management, insect control, and disease control without the need for pesticides.
Modern Farming Acceptance
● Monoculture - Monoculture is a strategy used to cultivate only one type of crop on a specific piece of land. Land farming becomes simple. The reason for this is because the field is evenly slanted and the crops to be planted are of similar size. As a result, farmers concentrate on monoculture farming.
● Intensive Tillage - Excessive tilling of land is done to promote soil aeration and boost agricultural yield. Intensive tillage is used to ensure that farming systems are properly cultivated.
● Chemical Pest Control - In contemporary agriculture farming, there is a large danger of organisms such as insects that devour plants, illnesses that prevent plants and animals from growing to their full potential, and weeds that obstruct crop growth.
● Irrigation Technologies - Water is a crucial supply for the agriculture system when it comes to farming. A better option to help is to deliver water to the crops at an adequate level or to use a row irrigation system. Sprinklers, drip systems, and pumps are some of the modern devices that aid in the correct irrigation system.
Conclusion - Farmers will be able to easily adapt modern technologies and methods in the future to improve agriculture. The application of modern methods is assisting in the improvement of the country's economy.
Planned tactics, on the other hand, aid in better production and result in the modern farming system. As a result, in today's world, farmers prefer modern farming systems in order to increase output.