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The Art and Science of Agriculture




Agriculture has been a very crucial part of the Indian culture for a very long time, from the first time that our ancestors noticed an opportunity in this world to create a little bread for themselves, Agriculture was the shoulder that they leaned on. Even today in the 21st century, the agriculture industry remains the most popular industry in terms of employment in our nation. Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops, and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets.


In our country, you need to go back to the days of the Indus Valley Civilization to trace the first baby steps of Indian Agriculture. Now, India ranks second worldwide in farm outputs and as of 2018, agriculture employed more than 50% of the Indian workforce and contributed 17–18% to the country's GDP. In 2016, agriculture and allied sectors like animal husbandry, forestry and fisheries accounted for 15.4% of the GDP (gross domestic product) with about 41.49% of the workforce in 2020. India ranks first in the world with the highest net cropped area followed by US and China.[6] The economic contribution of agriculture to India's GDP is steadily declining with the country's broad-based economic growth. Still, agriculture is demographically the broadest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic fabric of India.


Over the years, this growth has led to a substantial rise in civilizations. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants. About 11,500 years ago, people gradually learned how to grow cereal and root crops, and settled down to a life based on farming. From the early days of our primitive selves started showing signs of evolution, we graduated to a much more innovative method of consuming food, breaking the mainstream barrier of only having to extract wild plants and fight animals for their daily dose of food must have been an adventure in itself but also gut-wrenching. Imagine always having to put your life in danger to have a three-course meal, couldn’t be me that’s all I’m aware of.


There were also some other important uses other than just providing a much simpler method of growing food that was provided by the growth of Agriculture. It also provided a much better means of Quality of Life. It gave everyone an opportunity to save extra food. This food surplus allowed people to work on other tasks which didn't involve farming or looking for plants and animals to kill. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was the fire. Native Americans used fire to control the growth of berry-producing plants, which they knew grew quickly after a wildfire. Farmers cultivated small plots of land by hand, using axes to clear away trees and digging sticks to break up and till the soil. Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.


In the early 1900s, an average farmer in the U.S. produced enough food to feed a family of five. Many of today’s farmers can feed that family and a hundred other people. How did this great leap in productivity come about? It happened largely because of scientific advances and the development of new sources of power. By the late 1950s, most farmers in developed countries were using both gasoline and electricity to power machinery. Tractors had replaced draft animals and steam-powered machinery. Farmers were using machines in almost every stage of cultivation and livestock management.


By 1960, most farms in the U.S. and other developed countries were electrified. Electricity lit farm buildings and powered such machinery as water pumps, milking machines, and feeding equipment. Today, electricity controls entire environments in livestock barns and poultry houses.


Nowadays, with the impact of technology in this world, the farming experience has improved drastically. Facing adversity nowadays for the farmers has become easier than before. Giving tools to farmers that put the power back in their hands is the biggest contribution of digital technology. Just like an entrepreneur, farmers now have access to a suite of solutions that tells them what crop will fetch them better returns, the best time to sow, when to water, where to sell and at what price, and much more.


Even with the new machinery and rise in technology in these last few years, there are still some problems that are yet to be addressed. Climate change has been one of the issues in the past that has affected the farmer's cycle which in turn has a direct impact on their income. Not only this, but with the increasing depletion of freshwater reserves, the whole growing process becomes increasingly depleting and becomes much more expensive. Providing water resources on their own increases their budget and the age-old problem with farmers not getting their fair share of income mountains their issues which in turn leaves them closer to the line of poverty.


At frut X we treat farmers as one of our own, as our family members. We reverently believe in the sustainability and the parity of farmers' families associated with us and have their best interests at heart. Our farmers are guaranteed a centralized market for the sale of their products at lucrative prices. The fruits are nourished with love and mothered since their first bloom. We have assisted the farmers in reducing their cost of production and their labor requirement, thus, narrowing down their prime cost. We ensure that farmers do not wave goodbye to any money or hope due to the uncertainty of the market. We value the efforts our farmers put in for the country and to repay them for their hard work is what we want to be valued for.










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